Monthly Archives: June 2012

Forage Crops & Grasses [Part 1]

June 30, 2012
By Krishiworld
forage_crops_20110428_1338208215

India is basically an agricultural country and about 70 per cent of its people live in villages. Their livelihood is dependent mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry. Though India has a huge livestock population of over 343 millions, besides poultry, yet the production of milk and other is about the lowest in the world....

Read more »

Water Resource in India [Part 1]

June 30, 2012
By Krishiworld
water-resources-Pakistan

India is rich in water resources, being endowed with a network of great rivers & vast alluvial basins to hold groundwater. Conditions, however, vary widely from region to region. Whereas there are some chronically drought affected areas, there are others which are frequently subject to damage by floods.On the whole, under the pressure of...

Read more »

Plantation Crops [Part 2]

June 29, 2012
By Krishiworld
2007101150101601

The area intended for planting is first cleared of forest growth and adequate steps are taken to prevent . Planting lines are traced(as at present on contour on hill slopes) and pits of a convenient size(generally 30-45 cm deep and 24 cm wide) are dug. The normal accepted spacing is 120 X 75 cm,...

Read more »

Fungal Biotechnology [Part 4]

June 29, 2012
By Krishiworld
biotech_shutterstock_13632631-285x248

SOME BIOTECHNOLOGICALLY IMPORTANT FUNGI FILAMENTOUS SPECIES - Most of the filamentous fungi that are important in biotechnology are members of the important in biotechnology are members of the Deuteromycetes (Deuteromycotina). Examples include Aspergillus niger, pencillum notatum – chrysogenum & Trichoderma Viridae. Basidiomycetes white rot fungi such as phanerochaete Chrysosporum are becoming increasingly important in...

Read more »

Plantation Crops [Part 1]

June 28, 2012
By Krishiworld
orchard

Tea. Tea (Camellia spp.) is an important beverage and the world drinks more of it than any other beverage. It is made from the tender or young leaves and unopened buds of the evergreen tea-plant, popular as a ‘healthful herb’. The tea plant is in the polymorphic species Camellia sinensis Kuntz, but recent findings...

Read more »

Fungal Biotechnology [Part 3]

June 28, 2012
By Krishiworld
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

USE OF FUNGI TO CONTROL WEEDS: Weeds, in the widest sense of the world, include algae, ferns, annual & perennial plants, and also herbaceous or woody species. Fungi that are potential mycoherbicides can be divided into facultative parasites, which can be grown in the laboratory, and obligate parasites which at present cannot. Two approaches...

Read more »

Fungal Biotechnology [Part 2]

June 27, 2012
By Krishiworld
080929104601-large

USE OF FUNGI TO CONTROL INSET PEST - As insect biocontrol agents, fungi are markedly superior to other micro-organisms because they are generally non-specific in their action & are useful against a wide range of insect pests. On the debit side, however, their use is limited by the restricted range of humidities in which...

Read more »

Agricultural Marketing & Storege [Part 2]

June 27, 2012
By Krishiworld
metal-buildings-agricultural-steel-storage-s-model

MARKETING IMPROVEMENTS India being a primary producing country, agriculture plays a vital role, both as an essential infrastructure and a development component in generating and sustaining a higher national income. Out of a natonal income of about Rs 38,921 crores in 1972-73 as much as Rs 17,500 crores or about 44.9% is contributed by...

Read more »

Agricultural Marketing & Storege

June 26, 2012
By Krishiworld
Agricultural-Marketing

Agricultural marketing involves in its simplest form the buying and selling of agricultural produce. In olden days when the village economy was more or less self-sufficient the marketing of agricultural produce presented no difficulty as the farmer sold his produce to the consumer on a cash or barter basis. Marketing functions. In modern marketing...

Read more »

Fungal Biotechnology [Part 1]

June 26, 2012
By Krishiworld
Fungus

FUNGI IN AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY The second area of agricultural biotechnology where fungi are likely to be important is as inoculates or biofertilizers for use in increasing crop production. CONTROL OF FUNGAL PLANT PATHOGENS BY MYCOFUNGICIDES - The species of the genus Trichoderma have become the most widely investigated of all potential mycofungicides. Modern approaches...

Read more »