The other most important development has been in the field of industry which has so far half a dozen factories for manufacturing tractors, 3 or 4 for power tillers, and several for oil engines and electrically driven pumpimg sets. Some of these are being assisted by the Industrial Finance Corporation of India. These helped to quicken the pace of mechanisation of Indian agriculture.
The following table shows the progress made during the last 25 years :
|NAME OF THE IMPLEMENT||1951||1956||1961|
|Mouldboard type iron ploughs||930000||13,66,000||23,00,000|
|Bullock driven crushers||5,04,000||5,44,000||5,90,000|
|Power driven crushers||21,000||23,000||32,210|
|Centrifugal pumps with oil engines||82,000||1,22,000||2,29,000|
It is not merely the knowledge of agricultural engineering which is needed for increasing production, but also the knowledge of their availability, prices and upkeep. Information can be obtained from:
1. At the village level: the village level worker or gram sevak.
2. At the block level: the Agricultural Extension Officer or the District Planning Officer.
3. At the district level: The District Agricultural Officer or the District Planning Officer.
4. At the state level: the State Agricultural Engineering Section and the Managing Director of the State Agro-Industries Corporation.
5. At the Central level: the Director of Agricultural implements and Joint Commissioner (machinery), Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi.
The private industry as well as the government, through their agro-industries corporations are in thefield now for the supply of agricultural machinery to farmers. To prevent the charging of exorbitant prices for tractors, the govt has fixed the price of tractors with the assistance of the Bureau of Cost Accounting in the Ministry of Finance. This organisation has helped the farmers very much.
Agricultural aviation is now gaining ground in India. At present the aeroplanes and helicopters are being used mainly for spraying pesticides but in future they may be used for sowing and spraying liquid fertilizers on the crops. Agricultural electronics has also begun and remote-control tractors are being designed and tested in some countries. With the successful explosion of an atomic device India may be able to generate more electricity in the future. The availability of plentiful irrigation water as a result of the Ganga-Kauveri project and the availability of more electricity from atomic energy will make the progress of farm mechanisation in India speedier. Thus the future seems to be bright.