AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY

January 24, 2013
By Krishiworld

The beginning of mechanisation of Indian agriculture was made by the use of improved hand tools and improved bullock-drawn implements. Particular stress was laid on these items during the first 3 Five year plans and slowly more sophisticated implements were introduced. These included power-driven threshers, tractors and the combine harvestors. Quite a variety of implements is required for carrying agricultural operations , starting from thr opening of the land to harvesting, threshing, winnowing and storage. These operations include ploughing, harrowing, levelling, sowing, intercultivation, application of fertilizers and manures, harvesting, threshing and winnowing.

A variety of desi implements are in use in the country for the last so many centuries. before efforts were made to introduce foreign implements a survey implements used in India was taken. Therefore under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research a country wide survey was carried out and its report was published. This has brought many facts to light. The number of implements used by the Indian farmer is very large. Some of these implements are crude to look at but are very useful and the consensus of the agricultural engineers of india has been that it would be easier at least as a first step to improve upon the indigenous implements in order to increase their efficincy and thus give to the Indian farmers something which is within their means.

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