Crops

FORAGE CROPS

February 28, 2013
By Krishiworld
green_manure

Fodders grow vegetatively and hence require frequent irrigations for maximum growth. The optimum moisture range is from field capacity to about 75 per cent of the availability. Berseem. It is well suited to the regions in the north and require about 20 irrigations during its growth at intervals of about 20 days during December...

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Condiments & Spices [Part 3]

July 24, 2012
By Krishiworld
condiments

PLANTING AND CULTIVATION One or two year old seedlings are planted in each pit, either in June-July or September-October. The rhizome is planted 5-8 cm securely tied to a stout wooden stake to prevent it from being laid low by the strong monsoon rains and winds. The plantation recieves atleast four weedings in the...

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Horticulture Crops [Part 3]

July 24, 2012
By Krishiworld
shree-biophospho_10307882_250x250

ARIETIES. The number of varieties is very large. Each variety has its own peculiar taste, flavour and consistently of pulp. Some of the important commercial varieties grown in different regions are : ‘Bombay yellow’, ‘Alphonso’, ‘Gopal Bhog’, ‘Zafran’ (all early), ‘Langra’, ‘Desheri’, ‘Safeda Lucknow’, ‘Safeda Malihabad’, ‘Fajrizafrani’ (all mid-late). ‘Fajri’, ‘Same Bihisht’, ‘Chausa’, ‘Taimura’...

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Condiments & Spices [Part 2]

July 19, 2012
By Krishiworld
spices

CLIMATE AND SOIL. In India, cardamom grows under natural conditions of the evergreen forests in the Western Ghats. It thrives best in tropical forests at altitudes ranging from 600-1500 metres, receiving a well-distributed rainfall of over 150 cm and a temperature of 10o-35oC. its optimum growth and development is observed in warm and humid...

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Horticulture Crops [Part 2]

July 19, 2012
By Krishiworld
ho

AFTER-CARE. The removal of suckers, dry leaves and pseudostems, from which the fruits have been harvested, constitute the main after-care. Daughter-suckers should be removed promptly until the mother-plant flowers, when one daughter-sucker may be allowed to take its place. The removal of dry leaves and useless pseudostems requires to be done in time. After...

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Horticulture Crops [Part 1]

July 17, 2012
By Krishiworld
horticulture-cropping

TROPICAL AND SUB-TROPICAL FRUITS Banana. Banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) occupies over 1,64,000 hectares, mainly in Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. Though some inferior types of banana are found growing as far north as the Himalayas, its commercial importance is mainly limited to the more tropical conditions,...

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Condiments & Spices [Part 1]

July 17, 2012
By Krishiworld
spices

VARIED are the uses to which spices have been put from time immemorial. They are used as additives and for the propitiation of the gods. They also stimulate digestion on account of their carminative properties. Most of the spices find place in various medicines. There are about 35 spices and condiments which can be...

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Medicinal Plants [Part 4]

July 13, 2012
By Krishiworld
Murrayapaniculata_24438

OPIUM POPPY (papaver somniferum Linn). Poppy is a native of the western Mediterranean region,introduced into India in the early sixteenth century. India produces about 70 per cent of the world’s production and 90 per cent of it is exported annually. The crop can be grown under a licence issued by the Excise Department and,...

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Field Crops [Part 2]

July 13, 2012
By Krishiworld
AMHtw03b-Carmen-Anchor-barl

Throughout India, only spring wheats are grown, although they are raised in winter. In the southern hills of Tamil Nadu, two crops of wheat are raised in a year. The first crop is taken between October-April and the second crop in May-September. The annual rainfall in all the wheat growing zones ranges from 12.5...

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Field Crops [Part 1]

July 11, 2012
By Krishiworld
soybeans7

CLIMATE. The Indo-Gangetic plains form the most important wheat area. The cool winters and the hot summers are very conducive to a good crop of wheat. Based on agroclimatic conditions, the country is broadly divided into five wheat zones. These are as follows: (i) The North- Western Plains Zone consisting of the plains of...

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