Crops

Medicinal Plants [Part 3]

July 11, 2012
By Krishiworld
IMG_0886

ISABGOL (plantago ovata Forks.). It is an annual stem-less herb, a native of Persia, now grows as a cash crop on about 16,000 ha in the Mehsana, Palampur and Banaskantha districts of Northern Gujrat, India is the largest producer of isabgol and exports seed and huskworth Rs 25 million annually. The husk is the...

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Medicinal Plants [Part 2]

July 10, 2012
By Krishiworld
697725

CINCHONA (cinchona ledgeriana Linn.and allied spp.). Sixty-five species distributed in the Andes at elevations of 800 to 2,800 m, occur mainly in Peru, Bolivia, Columbia and Ecuador. Commercial supplies of the bank are obtained from C.ledgeriana, c.officinalis, C.calisaya, C.succirubra and their numerous hybrids. The cinchona bark yields quinine which is used as a treatment...

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Medicinal Plants [Part 1]

July 9, 2012
By Krishiworld
chithirappala

India is endowed with a rich wealth of medicinal plants.These plants have made a good contribution to the development of ancient Indian materia medica. One of the earliest treatises on Indian medicine,the Charak Samhita(1000 B.C),records the use of over 340 drugs of vegetable origin. Most of these continue to be gathered from wild plants...

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Importance on water management in crop production [Part 2]

July 6, 2012
By Krishiworld
water management

Surface-Water Resources. A large number of rivers of various potentials and discharges are spread all over the country. The rivers in the north, which originate from the Himalayas, are snow-fed and, thus, have less seasonal fluctuations in their flow than the rivers in the other parts of the country. The flow in the rivers...

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Importance on water management in crop production [Part 1]

July 5, 2012
By Krishiworld
fence

IMPORTANCE OF WATER MANAGEMENT IN CROP PRODUCTION Water is one of the most important inputs essential for the production of crops. Plants need it continuously during their life and in huge quantities. It profoundly influences photosynthesis, respiration, absorption, translocation and utilization of mineral nutrients, and cell division besides some other processes. Both its shortage and...

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Cropping Patterns [Past 2]

July 4, 2012
By Krishiworld
baffling_crop_circles_equal_pi_1

The climatic, edaphic and socio-economic diversity of the Indian crop-production scene is dotted with many cropping patterns. With a geographic area of 328.048 million hectares, stretching between 8oN and 36oN latitude and between 68oE and 98oE longitude, its altitude varying from the mean sea-level to the highest mountain ranges of the world, India presents a...

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Cropping Patterns [Past 1]

July 3, 2012
By Krishiworld
Nilgiris_agriculture

Cropping activities go on all the year-round in India, provided water is available for crops. In northern India, there are two distinct seasons, kharif (July to October), and rabi (October to March). Crops grown between March and June are known as zaid. In some parts of the country, there are no such distinct seasons, but there they have their...

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Forage Crops & Grasses [Part 3]

July 3, 2012
By Krishiworld
grains

SYSTEMS OF FODDER PRODUCTION The system of fodder production vary from region to region, place to place and farmer to farmer, depending upon the availability of inputs, namely fertilizers, irrigation, insecticides, pesticides, etc. and the topography. An ideal fodder system is that which gives the maximum outturn of digestible nutrients per hectare, or maximum livestock...

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Forage Crops & Grasses [Part 2]

July 2, 2012
By Krishiworld
smoothbrome

Varietal picture in forage crops. Though the breeding objectives in forage crops are too many, yet a number of high-yielding and nutritive varieties in some of the important fodder and pasture crops have been developed by different agricultural institutions. The major breeding objectives, inter alia, include (i) the high yields of dry matter, (ii)...

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Forage Crops & Grasses [Part 1]

June 30, 2012
By Krishiworld
forage_crops_20110428_1338208215

India is basically an agricultural country and about 70 per cent of its people live in villages. Their livelihood is dependent mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry. Though India has a huge livestock population of over 343 millions, besides poultry, yet the production of milk and other is about the lowest in the world....

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