Forage Crops & Grasses [Part 2]

July 2, 2012
By Krishiworld

Varietal picture in forage crops. Though the breeding objectives in forage crops are too many, yet a number of high-yielding and nutritive varieties in some of the important fodder and pasture crops have been developed by different agricultural institutions. The major breeding objectives, inter alia, include

(i) the high yields of dry matter,
(ii) higher contents of nutrients, absence of toxic and physiologically active substances, greater intake and digestibility,
(iii) a higher response to inputs,
(iv) greater tolerance to adverse soil and weather conditions,
(v) freedom from major diseases and pests,
(vi) greater seed production ability and a higher degree of persistence and aggressiveness.

Some of the important high-yielding varieties of fodder grasses, cereal fodders and legumes, popular in different regions, are enumerated below cropwise :

 

Jowar (Sorghum vulgare) (A) Northern region
(i) ‘J.S.-20′, ‘J.S.-29/1′, ‘J.S.-263′, ‘J3/53′, ‘Swarna’, ‘M.P. chari’, ‘S.L.-44′, ‘Pusa chari’, ‘Haryana chari’ Punjab, Haryana, Delhi
(ii) ‘T-3′, ‘T-4′, ’8B’, ‘M.P. chari’, ‘S-700′, ‘H1‘, ‘H2‘, ‘Rio’ Uttar Pradesh
(B) Western region
(iii) ‘Sundhia 1049′, ‘Chhastia 10-2′, ‘Dudhia’ Gujarat
(iv) ‘Red Khaki’, ‘Nilwa’, ‘Nandyal’, ‘M-35-1′ Maharashtra
(C) Central region
(v) ‘Gwalior-82′, ‘Gwalior-304′, ‘Vidisha 60-1′, ‘Ujjain-6′, ‘Ujjain-8′, ‘J-195′ Madhya Pradesh
(C) Southern region
‘K 3′, ‘Co 11′, ‘Co 18′, ‘Co 19′, ‘Rungu 1′, ‘M.P. chari’ Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
Maize (Zea mays)
Hybrids– ‘Ganga-Safed-2′, ‘Ganga-3′, ‘Ganga-5′, ‘Ganga-7′
Composites–’Jawahar’, ‘Amber’, ‘Kissan’, ‘Vijay’, ‘Sona’, ‘Vikram’
Open-pollinated–’N.P. Yellow-2′, ‘K-41′, ‘Bassi’, ‘Jaunpur’
‘Emenillo de cuba’, ‘Kalimpong West Bengal
Bajra (Pennisetum typhoides)
‘A-1/3′, ‘H.B.3′, ‘S-530′, ‘T-55′ ‘D 1941′, ’2291′
Oat (Avena sativa)
Early varieties–’Western-11′
Mid-season varieties–’Kent’, ‘Craig’, ‘Afterlee’, ‘Green Mountain’, ‘A-17′, ‘Flaminagolds’, ‘Fulgham’, ‘Bamboo-966′, ‘IGFRI-Soil-3021′, ‘IGFRI-Soil-2688′
Late varieties–’Algerian’, ’37/14′, ‘FOS-1/29′, ‘Kharsai’
Cowpea (Vigna sinensis)
(i) ‘FOS-1′, ‘FOS-10′, ‘K-395′, ‘K-585′, ‘EC 4216′, ‘IGFRI-S-450′, ‘IGFRI-S-457 Haryana, Punjab and Delhi
(ii) ‘Russian Giant’, ‘IGFRI-S-978′, ‘IGFRI-S-985′, ‘Russian Giant’ Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka
(iii) ‘E.C. 4216′, ‘Russian Giant’, ‘Chhrodi 14-20′, ‘Chhrodi 26-28′ Gujarat
(iv) ‘Co 1′, ‘Russian Giant’, ‘E.C. 4216′ Southern states
(v) ‘Co 1′, ‘E.C. 4216′ West Bengal
Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba)
‘FOS 1′, ‘FOS 2′, ‘E.C. 4216F.S. 277′, ‘IGFRI-S 212′, ‘No. 2′ Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh
‘Durgapura safed’ Rajasthan
Velvet bean (Stizolobium niveum )
‘IGFRI-S 2276-5′ Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana
Field bean (Dolichos lablab var. lignosus)
‘IGFRI-S 2214-II’,–Broad leaf, erect
‘IGFRI-S 2218-1′,–Medium leaf, decumbent
Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum)
‘Meskawi-Diploid’, ‘Pusa giant-Tetraploid’, ‘IGFRI-S-29-1′, ‘Chhindwara’
Lucerne (Medicago sativa)
‘Type-8′, ‘Type-9′ ,’Anand II’, ‘IGFRI-S-244′, ‘Moopa’, ‘IGFRI-S-54′, N.D.R.I.-1
Senji (Melilotus parviflora)
‘FOS-1′, ‘F.S. 14′, ‘F.S. 18′
Methi (Trigonella foenumgraecum)
‘FOS-8′
Hybrid Napier
‘Pusa Giant Napier’, ‘NB 21′, ‘EB 4′, or ‘Gajraj’, ‘N.B. 5′, ‘Coimbatore’
Sudan grass (Sorghum sudanese)
‘SS-59-3′, ‘G 287′, ‘Piper’, ‘J-69′
Dinanath grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum)
‘Type-3′, ’10′, ’15′, or ‘IGFRI-S-3808′, ‘G-73-1′, ‘T-12′, ‘IGFRI-S-866-1′
Blue panicum (Panicum antidotale’)
‘S-297′
Anjan or Buffel (Cenchrus ciliaris’)
‘Pusa Giant Anjan’, ‘IGFRI-S-3108′, ‘IGFRI-S-3133′, ‘C-357′, ‘C-358′, Cenchrus glaucus
Bird wood (Cenchrus setigerus’)
‘Pusa yellow Anjan’
Marvel (Dichanthium annulatum)
‘M-8′, ‘IGFRI-S-495-1′, ‘IGFRI-S-495-5′Cenchrus glaucus
Mustard (Brassica) spp.
‘Japan sarson‘, ‘IM-98′, ‘IM-100′, ‘Laha 101′, ‘Chinese cabbage’
Stylos (Stylosanthes) spp.
Butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea’)
‘IGFRI-S-23-1′, ‘IGFRI-S-12′
Turnips
‘Green Top’, ‘Purple Top’, ‘Kenshin–Kaba’

 

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