AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY

January 24, 2013
By Krishiworld
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The beginning of mechanisation of Indian agriculture was made by the use of improved hand tools and improved bullock-drawn implements. Particular stress was laid on these items during the first 3 Five year plans and slowly more sophisticated implements were introduced. These included power-driven threshers, tractors and the combine harvestors. Quite a variety of...

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SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF IRRIGATION

January 23, 2013
By Krishiworld
irrigation

The design, the equipment and the technique of replenishing the soil-water deficit by applying irrigation water is referred to as “irrigation system”. The system adopted for irrigation must ensure a uniform distribution of water in the root-zone of a crop and high efficiency of water application i.e. the ratio of water stored in the...

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Condiments & Spices [Part 3]

July 24, 2012
By Krishiworld
condiments

PLANTING AND CULTIVATION One or two year old seedlings are planted in each pit, either in June-July or September-October. The rhizome is planted 5-8 cm securely tied to a stout wooden stake to prevent it from being laid low by the strong monsoon rains and winds. The plantation recieves atleast four weedings in the...

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Horticulture Crops [Part 3]

July 24, 2012
By Krishiworld
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ARIETIES. The number of varieties is very large. Each variety has its own peculiar taste, flavour and consistently of pulp. Some of the important commercial varieties grown in different regions are : ‘Bombay yellow’, ‘Alphonso’, ‘Gopal Bhog’, ‘Zafran’ (all early), ‘Langra’, ‘Desheri’, ‘Safeda Lucknow’, ‘Safeda Malihabad’, ‘Fajrizafrani’ (all mid-late). ‘Fajri’, ‘Same Bihisht’, ‘Chausa’, ‘Taimura’...

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Condiments & Spices [Part 2]

July 19, 2012
By Krishiworld
spices

CLIMATE AND SOIL. In India, cardamom grows under natural conditions of the evergreen forests in the Western Ghats. It thrives best in tropical forests at altitudes ranging from 600-1500 metres, receiving a well-distributed rainfall of over 150 cm and a temperature of 10o-35oC. its optimum growth and development is observed in warm and humid...

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Horticulture Crops [Part 2]

July 19, 2012
By Krishiworld
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AFTER-CARE. The removal of suckers, dry leaves and pseudostems, from which the fruits have been harvested, constitute the main after-care. Daughter-suckers should be removed promptly until the mother-plant flowers, when one daughter-sucker may be allowed to take its place. The removal of dry leaves and useless pseudostems requires to be done in time. After...

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